Hard Water Facts You Need to Know
One of the most effective methods for eliminating hard mineral content from tap water is to install a water softening system. Water softeners “condition” the water by using a technology called ion exchange. This process removes hard mineral ions like calcium and magnesium, and replaces them with softer ones, like sodium or potassium ions. This is why they are commonly referred to as “water conditioners” too. Hard water removal is important for protecting the quality of skin and hair, as well as clothing, dishware, plumbing, and appliances.
In order to select the proper water softener for your establishment, you must specify and calculate certain measurements. The level of water hardness, the number of occupants, the square footage, and the estimated water demands of the property are all factors that will determine the type of water softening system you’ll need. You may also want to consider your Eco-friendly agenda if you have one. Start by testing your hard water levels. Use a store-bought water testing kit. They are inexpensive, accurate, and easy to administer. You can skip the water test and refer to your state’s hard water map instead (refer to the image to the right).
Tips for Selecting a Water Softening System
Once you know your area’s hard water level, you can choose the proper capacity for your water softener. Water softener capacity is measured in “grain removal” and in the United States, the average gallon of water has 10 grains of hardness in it. To calculate how much “grains” your establishment uses, you need to know that the average person uses around 80 gallons of water each day. With that knowledge, follow this equation:
(Gallons Per Day x Number of Occupants) x Grains Per Gallon = Total Grains Used Each Day
So, if you have 6 people in your home, your calculation would look like this:
Gallons Per Person: 80
Gallons Used Per Day: 80 x 6 = 480
Grains of Hardness: 10
Total Grains Used Each Day: 480 x 10 = 4,800
Water Softener Capacity: 4,800 x 10 = 48,000
So, with this example, you would need a 48,000 grain water softener. Most homes use a 33,000 grain water softener, but for larger homes with more occupants, more conditioning is required. By choosing a water softener that can handle the number of grains used per day in your home or office, you will save time, money, and water. Contact a local water softener service for professional advice about water softener sales, installation, and maintenance.
Are you ready to treat hard water at your home or business with an affordable and quality water softener rental? Contact us today!