The Difference Between Salt and Saltless Water Softener Systems

When it comes to buying a new water softener, consumers quickly learn that there is an overwhelming large number of options in terms of make, model, capacity, and efficiency. It is important to do your research and learn as much as you can about how water softeners work and the various versions currently available on the market in order to make the right decision for your home or office.  Once you have a basic understanding of the water softener market, you can decide which version best meets your needs. The most basic decision is deciding between a salt-based and saltless water softener.

Continue reading to learn the difference between salt-using and salt-less water softener systems, plus who to trust for sales, service, and repair in Indianapolis and its surrounding areas.

Saltfree Water Softeners Indianapolis Indiana 317-784-1870
Saltfree Water Softeners Indianapolis Indiana 317-784-1870

Water Softening: Salt Versus Saltfree

Traditional Water Softeners

Traditional salt-style water softeners use a process called ion exchange to eliminate hard mineral ions in water. They remove hard mineral ions from water by using negatively charged polymer resin beads that attract the positively charged ions, and then exchanges them with sodium potassium, which comes from the salt pellets used in the unit. Once the resin beads become too saturated, the water softener flushes them out through a drainpipe. This cleaning cycle is triggered automatically by an electronic meter valve on top of the unit.

Saltless Water Softeners

In contrast to salt-based water softeners, saltfree water softeners do not remove hard mineral ions. Instead, they change their chemical composition so that they do not adhere to anything. This process is known as Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC), which processes water through a catalytic media. The hard mineral ions are changed to hardened crystals that is not capable of sticking to any surface. Because of this fact, saltless water softening does not technically soften water, but rather, conditions it. For this reason, non-salt water softeners are more accurately described as water conditioners.

Saltfree Water Softeners in Indianapolis

To determine which water softening and conditioning system is best for your home or office, talk to a trusted Indianapolis IN water softener plumber who can offer professional advice, information, and installation. Choosing a water softener is just the beginning. Ensuring proper installation and routine maintenance sets the tone for problem-free water softening.

Are you looking for affordable water softeners and water softener service near you? Contact Weilhammer Plumbing Company at 317-784-1870 for professional sales, installation, service, and repair for saltless water softeners, today. We provide residential and commercial plumbing services for all make and model water softeners.

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Where to Start When You Need to Buy a Water Softener

If you have thought about adding a water softener to your home or office, there are a few things to consider first. These considerations will help you determine which type of water softener best suits your water softening and conditioning needs.

Continue reading to learn where to start when choosing a new water softener for your home or office.

Hard Water Removal Indianapolis Indiana 317-784-1870
Hard Water Removal Indianapolis Indiana 317-784-1870

Step By Step Guide to Buying a Water Softener

Buy a Hard Water Testing Kit

The first thing you need to consider is the hardness of your water. The degree of iron and other minerals in the water supply will give you an understanding on how necessary it is to purchase a water softener. Depending on where you live, the hardness of water can differ substantially. Typically, hard water is influenced by the amount of region rainfall and drought patterns. It can fluctuate from city to city. Once you have tested your water, you can continue on the path of choosing the right water softening system for your individual needs.

Determine What Size You Will Need

Choosing the right size water softener can be complicated. This is a good place to ask a professional for assistance.  It is helpful to understand exactly what a water softener does before attempting to calculate the proper size might need.

A water softener basically removes hard mineral from water, (i.e. iron, calcium, etc.) and trades it in for softer minerals like sodium. Inside these appliances are things called ion exchange resin. These act as little “chemical magnets”. The more ion magnets a water softener contains, the higher its capacity is. 

The capacity refers to the number of gallons a system can purify before it needs regenerated or recharged. The capacity is measured by grain removal per gallon. The average water supply in America has around 10 grains of hardness per gallon. Since you have used a hard water testing kit, you already know the degree of hardness in your water. 

Calculate Your Occupancy

In order to calculate how much water your home or office needs to purify, multiply the number of people in the home or building by 80.  The number eighty comes from the statistic that the average person uses 80 gallons of water per day. Simply use the formula to calculate the capacity requirements. An average family of four would require a 32000 grain water softener once the math is calculated. Refer to the example below for a better understanding.

People in House: 4
Gallons Used Per Person: 80
Gallons Used Per Day in House: 80×4=320
Grains per Gallon: 10
Grains Used Per Day: 320×10=32000

What You Need to Know About Water Softener Regeneration

A water softener requires recharging after an extended amount of usage and time. The rate at which a water softener needs regenerated is determined by its capacity. There are three different regeneration options: meter regenerated, timer regenerated, and manual regeneration.  Meter regenerated water softeners are highly efficient because they are programmed to acclimate to changes in water usage.

It only regenerates when it needs to, saving energy and money on salt pellets in the long run. Timer water softeners use a time clock to schedule and execute regeneration. No matter how much water is used, it will regenerate as programmed. Manual regenerated softeners are pretty self-explanatory at this point.  These systems do not use timers or meters to track the amount of water used per day. They require manual draining and recharging every time.

Is your water softener in need of service or repair right now? Do you need a new water softener? Contact Weilhammer Plumbing Company at 317-784-1870 for Indianapolis Indiana plumbing services for water softeners, today. We provide residential and commercial plumbing services all throughout Central Indiana.

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Indianapolis Indiana Master Plumbers 317-784-1870
Indianapolis Indiana Master Plumbers 317-784-1870